Water pollution is a huge problem around the world. You’ve probably heard this, but you might not have ever realized just how significant it really is. Fresh water is being polluted around the world, not just at the surface, but also as deep as groundwater too. The pollution of surface or groundwater can cause disease and decreases the availability of clean and drinkable water.
Water and life go hand in hand. Water pollutants can cause illness, as well as death in many cases. The following table gives examples of diseases that can occur from water pollution.

Disease or Condition

Cause

Effects

Source

I. Waterborne diseases

 

 

 

Drinking contaminated water that contains pathogens from human or animal waste

Cholera

Bacteria

 

Infects the intestinal tract, leading to severe diarrhea, dehydration, and sometimes death.

Consuming and washing in contaminated water, and food washed with contaminated water.

Typhoid

Bacteria

Symptoms include: headaches, nausea, and a loss of appetite. Affects about 12 million globally each year.

Ingesting contaminated food or water.

Diarrhea

Viruses, bacteria, protozoans

Loss of electrolytes and water, dehydration, and in some cases, death

 

Drinking contaminated water that contains pathogens from human or animal waste.

II. Water-washed diseases

Lack of clean water for washing

Gastroenteritis, diarrhea, encephalitis, stomach cramps and ulcers, vomiting, hepatitis, respiratory infections

Polluted beach water

Rashes, earaches, and pink eye

Bathing or swimming in polluted or contaminated water

III. Chemical Pollutants

 

 

 

Arsenicosis

Arsenic

Cancer of the skin, lungs, bladder, and kidneys. Potentially affecting millions worldwide that rely on water contaminated with arsenic.

Arsenic poisoning occurs through long-term exposure to drinking water with low concentrations of naturally-occurring arsenic contamination.

Fluorosis

Fluoride

Negatively impacts the health of bones and teeth. Endemic in more than 25 countries worldwide, and affects more than tens of millions of people.

Consuming high concentrations of Fluoride that naturally occur in groundwater.

Liver damage

Chemicals such as chlorinated solvents, MTBE

Cancer

Chemicals such as chlorinated solvents, MTBE

DNA damage

Kidney damage

Chemicals

Neurological problems

Chemicals, pesticides such as DDT

Reproductive and endocrine damage

Chemicals, including endocrine disruptors

Negatively impacts sexual development, reproduction, the immune system, fertility and can increase the risks of certain cancers.

Thyroid disorders

Perchlorate

Contaminates large water bodies

IV. Other Water-Related Diseases/Conditions

 

 

 

HIV/AIDS

Increased infections associated with HIV/AIDS.

 

Infections negatively impact the quality of life and health of HIV/AIDS patients.

Improper hygiene and sanitation can lead to increased infections for these vulnerable individuals.

Trachoma

Bacteria

An eye infection that can lead to blindness.. Women and children are the most vulnerable populations.

Spread through poor hygiene due to inadequate water supply and sanitation

Good personal hygiene and effective sanitation may prevent food and water from being contaminated with pathogens. Purifying water before drinking and washing vegetables and other eatables well before cooking, can save you many years altogether. If tap water tastes like chlorine, filtering can fix that. Filtering can clear out many safety concerns like bacteria, heavy metals and pesticides. Some types of filters can do nearly everything. Others are specific to certain contaminants. AquaCrest has Maximum Filtration Performance. The revolutionized filtration technology ensures better flow rate and reduces most of the impurities in water. AquaCrest protects you to fight with morbid materiel in the water and gives you a healthy life.
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